Be courteous.

When on any trail it is important to be polite and courteous of others. Keep in mind that sounds can carry.

Some common courtesies on the trail include:

  • Acknowledging other adventurers! Don't be afraid to politely greet others along the way.
  • Give other groups plenty of space.
  • When approaching a fellow-hiker from behind do the courteous thing of saying something so they are not completely startled when you pass by.
  • Keep your technology volume levels low.
  • If you need to take a break, step off the trail.
  • Respect nature. One popular saying goes, "Take nothing but pictures and leave nothing but footsteps." If you pack it in, pack it out.
  • Clean up after your dog.

Be informed.

Be sure to do your research prior to your hike in order to review rules and regulations of the particular location you are at. Be aware of any wildlife which could be near you. Check the weather too. Know your stuff before you step out on the trail.

Be prepared.

Don't forget your 10 essentials:

  • Navigation: map, compass, GPS
  • Hydration: water, sports drinks
  • Sun protection: sunscreen, sunglasses
  • Extra clothes: socks, rain gear, insulation
  • Nutrition: food for on the trail
  • Firestarter: matches, lighter
  • Illumination: headlamp, flashlight
  • First-aid: it's better safe than sorry
  • Tools: knife, trowel
  • Shelter

Other things to consider:

  • Supportive shoes will help make your hiking experience great. Unreliable shoes can be a tripping hazard.
  • Be sure to let someone know where you are going and an estimated time which you will return again

Read Trailhead Guidelines.

Each trail has is unique. Trail makers and kiosks provide valuable information to help hikers avoid getting lost and regulate the use of trails. Various kinds of signs include:

  • Informational signs
  • Warning signs
  • Entrance/exits
  • Regulatory signs
  • Directional change indicating signs
  • Destination markers
  • Boundary markers

Right of Way

Respect others by keeping to the right side and passing on the left. Those who are going uphill typically have the right of way but sometimes hikers going up do prefer to step aside to catch their breath. The typical order or "trail hierarchy" includes horses first, hiker's second, and bikers third.

Let Cairns Be.

Cairns are stacks of rocks with a purpose or meaning which often times will mark trails and summits. While it might be tempting to topple them over, the respectful thing to do is simply let the rocks be. Though the temptation to build your own abstract art while on a trail may be high, avoid cairn construction altogether. Because cairns are often used to mark a trail, spontaneously placed cairns can lead other hikers in the wrong direction. This being said, be cautious yourself and avoid blindly following rock pyramids.

Stay on the Trail.

Veering off the trail is a safety hazard. It's also important to stay on designated trails in order to protect animals habitats and prevent damage to the land. When vegetation is smashed or destroyed it can impact the vital natural environments and food sources of wildlife. Messing with rocks can also leave visible damage to elements which are priceless and irreplaceable. Dislodging rocks can upset the trail and present difficulties for future hikers. Don't cut switchbacks.

Don't Feed Wildlife.

Watch wildlife from the trails. For the most part, animals are pretty good at keeping to themselves when you do the same. Let them be. Wildlife have better health and safety when they have not been exposed to people. Do not do anything which will attract the animals to you. Keep your distance and everybody will be better off.

Be safe. Be courteous. Have fun.

  1. Plan Ahead and Prepare. Know the regulations and special concerns for the area you'll visit. Prepare for extreme weather, hazards, and emergencies. Schedule your trip to avoid times of high use. Visit in small groups when possible. Consider splitting larger groups into smaller groups. Repackage food to minimize waste. Use a map and compass to eliminate the use of marking paint, rock cairns or flagging.
  2. Travel & camp on durable surfaces. Durable surfaces include established trails and campsites, rock, gravel, dry grasses or snow. Protect riparian areas by camping at least 200 feet from lakes and streams. Good campsites are found, not made. Altering a site is not necessary.
  3. Dispose of waste properly. Pack it in, pack it out. Inspect your campsite and rest areas for trash or spilled foods. Pack out all trash, leftover food and litter. Deposit solid human waste in catholes dug 6 to 8 inches deep, at least 200 feet from water, camp and trails. Cover and disguise the cathole when finished. Pack out toilet paper and hygiene products. To wash yourself or your dishes, carry water 200 feet away from streams or lakes and use small amounts of biodegradable soap. Scatter strained dishwater.
  4. Leave what you find. Preserve the past: examine, but do not touch cultural or historic structures and artifacts. Leave rocks, plants and other natural objects as you find them. Avoid introducing or transporting non-native species. Do not build structures, furniture, or dig trenches.
  5. Minimize campfire impacts. Campfires can cause lasting impacts to the environment. Use a lightweight stove for cooking and enjoy a candle lantern for light. Where fires are permitted, use established fire rings, fire pans, or mound fires. Keep fires small. Only use sticks from the ground that can be broken by hand. Burn all wood and coals to ash, put out campfires completely, then scatter cool ashes.
  6. Respect wildlife. Observe wildlife from a distance. Do not follow or approach them. Never feed animals. Feeding wildlife damages their health, alters natural behaviors, and exposes them to predators and other dangers. Protect wildlife and your food by storing rations and trash securely. Control pets at all times, or leave them at home. Avoid wildlife during sensitive times: mating, nesting, raising young, or winter.
  7. Be considerate of other visitors. Respect other visitors and protect the quality of their experience. Be courteous. Yield to other users on the trail. Step to the downhill side of the trail when encountering pack stock. Take breaks and camp away from trails and other visitors. Let nature's sounds prevail. Avoid loud voices and noises.

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